CROSS-SECTIONAL ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE (KAP) ON HEPATITIS B AND HEPATITIS C, PREVALENCE, AND RISK FACTORS AMONG HIGH-RISK INDIVIDUALS
Reyes PA, M.D., Gabriel EA, M.D. Cebu Doctors’ University Hospital
Significance: Determine the level of assessment on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on Hepatitis B and C, prevalence, and risk factors among high-risk individuals
Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study among high-risk patients which include healthcare workers, hemodialysis patients, injection and inhalation drug users, men who have sex with men, patients who had multiple blood transfusions, non health-care workers with likelihood of exposure to blood, sexually active heterosexual men and women. Interview-guided checklist that contains questions on demographic characteristics and validated questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and lifestyle practices was given to the subjects. The questionnaire was tested in a previous study for reliability and validity by using Cronbach’s alpha (? = 0.7) Descriptive statistics is the statistical analysis tool used to illustrate demographic characteristics. Categorical variables were measured as percentages while continuous variables were expressed as mean±standard deviation. Mann–Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis tests were used to assess the difference while Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to eval
Results: 7.1% were infected with HBV and 4.2% were infected with HCV. 1.1% were infected with both HBV and HCV. Respondents who had multiple blood transfusions, body piercing and born to HBV mothers were more likely infected with HBV than those who did not have. For Hepatitis C, it showed that respondents who engaged in illicit sexual relation were more likely infected with HCV than those who did not. Respondents who were born to HCV positive mother were more likely to be infected with HCV than those who were born to HCV negative mothers.
Conclusion: There is a lack of understanding of the basics of infection control and the prevention of transmission of Hepatitis B and C. Health education campaign should be provided. Blood transfusions, being born to HBV- and HCV-positive mothers, usage of unsterilized syringes and used syringes, body piercing and illicit sexual relations are the primary reasons for higher prevalence of hepatitis B and C.